I was experiencing for some time a quite strange effect on my no so old installation of Windows Vista. After some dyas of usage without any reboot I sometime was unable to open any new window, it could be an explorer, internet explorer 7 tab, a menu of tray icon, and this without any error message. I first thought it was an issue with the video driver, but after too much annoyance I searched the web and found a post “Max Num. of Open Windows under XP/2003/VISTA - Resolved !‘ explaining the issue and a possible fix.

From Ohad’s WebLog

When I’m working (it happens from now and then…) I always tend to open lots and lots of explorer windows as I Google for answers to questions that come along while coding…

When I used XP and Win 2003 it always bothered me that as soon as I opened 15-17 Internet explorer windows my system got stuck so hard that even right click context menu wouldn’t seem to show up.
When I migrated to Vista I though that finally someone in MS will fix this limitation but I was disappointed to find out that it still there…

Well after looking and looking… searching and hacking … I found the answer !

Its all about the desktop heap !

Following is Desktop Heap Tweak:

Because it is an undocumented registry tweak I take no responsibility regarding implementing this tweak ! It worked for me and if you choose to tweak your system you are doing it on your own risk.

Longtime Windows users are familiar with the desktop heap, a memory space that Windows allocates for desktop objects such as, well, windows.

Each open window or other desktop object uses up a certain amount of the desktop heap. In older versions of Windows the desktop heap was very small, and objects weren’t always disposed from the heap correctly.

This was a good part of the reason for the Incredible Shrinking Resource Heap problem that plagued the 16 and hybrid 16/32-bit versions of Windows.

NT fixed this problem by devoting a far larger chunk of memory to the desktop heap – but the fact that it had a far better memory manager than Win 3.x or Win9x, and a pure 32-bit architecture, didn’t hurt either.

The desktop heap limit affects the NT/VISTA family of systems, Hitting the limit is manifested as either a DLL initialization error for USER32.dll or an out of memory error.

Fortunately, the limit it tweakable, the default settings are low enough that the limit is easily hit.
To tweak the limit, take a look in the registry at HLKM/System/CurrentControlSet/Control/Session Manager/SubSystems

(cranked up a bit if you find yourself manipulating a lot of desktop objects.)

Within that key is a subkey called Windows, which contains in it, among other things, the value “SharedSection=1024,3072

Changing the SharedSection entry to “1024,3072,512“ (note the comma and the value)increases the size of the “hidden” desktop heap.

If that doesn’t work, try increasing the second of the comma delimited values (e.g. 3072 -> 4096) which is the size limit of any particular desktop heap.

Update: just to clarify for some pepole… on vista your default is 1024,3072,512 changing is to 1024,4096,512 will make the difference

I did the modification and for the moment didn’t had any issue, but I will wait one more week to be sure that it works good for me.